Future Of Farming: Hydroponics, Aquaponics and Aeroponics

A lack of growing lack in resources like soil, water and even space is currently threatening the future of farming. This presents a huge hurdle to farmers who must provide food for millions of people. This article explores a few of the ways, that we must perhaps try out to continue being able to feed the growing popularity.

What is Hydroponics?

Future Of Farming; Hydrophonics

We all are not so familiar to these terms, so firstly it is interesting to know what is this. As the name suggests Hydro means water and ponics means working which means growing of plants without soil. In this hydroponics system, plants are supposed to grow in a growing medium like Rockwool or hydroton which are alternative to soil. Then liquid-based nutrient is added to water which are used t water the plants. There are many nutrient solutions which had been specially designed for hydroponics purposes. These solutions have proper ratios of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium along with some micronutrients required for optimal growth. This formula is being added to water and plants soak nutrients present in it.

What is Aeroponics?

Future of farming: Aerophonics

In this type of growing system, we use air as working medium just like water in hydroponics. It is also a soil-less method in which plants grow in an air or mist environment. The main difference among them is the mode of transfer of nutrients.

What is Aquaponics?

Future of farming; Aquaponics

Among hydroponics and aeroponics, aquaponics is completely different from both. In this system, growth is achieved through a combination of aquaculture like raising fishes and the soil-less farming-hydroponics. As the fish is added in the system, it creates a neutralised ecosystem where plants, fish and bacteria thrives off to one another. The best part of this system is that it doesn’t need any chemical-based nutrient solution, the waste of fish and living bacteria is enough to provide essential nutrients for plant growth. These fishes creates a clean and non-toxic environment.

Advantages of Aeroponics and Hydroponics systems

One more advantage for hydroponics is that an aquaponics system has to be cultivated in the beginning and it takes at least a month or so to introduce fish into the water. This process involves letting a bacteria colony build in the system that can regulate the water and covert fish waste to keep it from being too toxic for the fish.

The main advantage of hydroponics is that it can be started immediately but in aquaponics concept, the fishes need to be introduced initially and it will take at least a month to get growing medium. This process lets you to create nutritional bacteria colony to set up in the system to regulate water and fish waste to get degraded so that keep away the fish toxics.

Advantages of Aquaponics system

There are huge advantages of aquaponics system. One of the biggest advantage over other methods that it is completely natural and organic process along with harvesting and growing fish for protein. Since in hydroponics and aeroponics system, it requires growing of plants in the man-made or synthetic environment and includes the addition of nutrient solution but in aquaponics, it is completely reliant on natural environment converting fish waster into nutrients by the action of bacteria. It can be also another that Addition of herbicides and pesticides leads to death of fisheries by playing with growth hormones or antibiotics or any synthetic nutrients of the fish, and plants have to suffer it. Since this system is completely natural, it is being scientifically proven method to grow herbs to achieve better growth, lower disease and requires less maintenance.

How these farming methods are superior
to existing methods?

The most important feature of all these methods is that they have huge growing capabilities, high quality, healthy crop in an interesting and simple efficiently methods Since they don’t make use of soil, they can be easily set up indoors which can survive in various conditions. In many urban areas, the concept of indoor farming, automatic farming is being introduced based on these systems. which uses equipments like grow towers make it spaced utilization and enables to grow large quantities on roofs as well as empty lots. The future of farming is in a dire state. These methods will perhaps bring a fresh and much needed change to make the future of farming brighter.

Written By,

Mayank Gupta

Student, NIFTEM

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