Cannabidiol, also known as CBD is the second most active ingredient of the cannabis plant(marijuana) and is considered as a non-intoxicating compound. It is an essential component of medical marijuana.
CBD has been evidently proven to effective in treating childhood epilepsy like Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) which do not respond to antiseizure treatments. There is proof that it can reduce the number of seizures. You can also use it to treat patients with anxiety and insomnia. There are also claims that it can treat chronic pain and lower inflammation due to arthritis.
Role of cannabinoids in the body:
The human body produces its own cannabinoid through endocannabinoid system which helps in homeostasis and other critical functions in human body. The cannabinoids produced in the body is equivalent to the phytocannabinoids synthesised by cannabis. They have same qualities and effects. They effect mood, appetite and other body functions.
Therefore, plant synthesised cannabinoids can be used to supplement the human endocannabinoid. This helps bring the body back to the state of equilibrium.
CBD extraction from cannabis:
It is extracted from the cannabinoids as tetrahydrocannabinol oil. It has another popular name. ‘CBD oil’. It is important to extract it for use in foods rather than adding cannabis to the food itself because adding cannabis directly may cause bitter taste and have lesser health benefits as compared to the concentrated extract.
Most of the industries use hemp as the source of CBD due to its high CBD and low THC concentration. (THC is a cognitive component of marijuana which can cause psychoactive effects.)
Dosage of CBD:
In the beginning, you should stick to a low dosage. For regular use, you can take 1mg of compound per 10 pounds of body weight. However you should allow your body to decide what it can handle. Every body has a different limit. Under normal conditions, it takes 30-40 minutes to kick start the effects. The human body might need to acclimatise to the compound, wait until 24 hours before taking another dose.
CBD has found its use in the food and beverage industry in recent times but its use dates way back. Today, the consumers have a large variety of CBD infused food products to choose from gummy bears to candies and even brownies. CBD infused products have become popular due to their inherent advantages as:
- Better taste
- Long lasting effects
- No prescription required
- Effects the whole body
- Easy dosage calculations
In the market, there are mainly three groups of CBD products:
These products preserve all the cannabinoids. They have greatest possible health benefits but may contain traces of THC which can lead to the “entourage effect” in which the cannabinoids work together synergistically to give amplified therapeutic effects.
They are singular lab extracted cannabinoid. People who want the benefits of CBD without the entourage effect can opt for isolates as these lack the THC or other cannabinoids contributing to the effect.
In these products, you only remove the THC thus preserving the entourage effect. People who dislike THC or effects can safely use broad spectrum products.
CBD itself does not have any side effects and there haven’t had any reports of overdose but some people may experience some of the following effects upon consumption as it is a foreign substance for the body.
- Dry mouth
Legalities and future:
In India, it is legal to cultivate cannabis for industrial and horticultural purposes and to buy low THC CBD oil made from hemp. However there are no clear regulations about the use of CBD.
Greenwave Advisors, a marijuana research firm, predicts that CBD foods could make up a $3 billion industry by the year 2021. These are just modest numbers as the industry has the projection of the potential to grow even up to $200 billion a year.
There is a spike in demand of such food products in the recent years. However much work needs to be done to regulate and legalize this food industry worldwide.
Also, if you have interests in learning about the Market For Vegan Products, do check our article.